托福听力主旨题你还想接着错?

作者:济南朗阁小编老师来源:朗阁教育时间:2018-01-22 11:52:53.000

摘要:托福考生们应该都知道,托福听力中有一类题型叫做主旨题,它会对托福听力的主要内容进行提问。那么今天,济南朗阁小编就来为考生们分析一下托福听力中的主旨题,帮助考生们制胜托福听力~

托福考生们应该都知道,托福听力中有一类题型叫做主旨题,它会对托福听力的主要内容进行提问。那么今天,济南朗阁小编就来为考生们分析一下托福听力中的主旨题,帮助考生们制胜托福听力~

考生们在做托福听力题的时候,会遇到这样的提问方式“What’s the lecture mainly about?”或者“Why does the student to see the professor?”这两种提问方式就是所谓的主旨题了,即对主要内容,或者主要目的进行提问。

这种题型在托福听力中出现相对固定,为对话或者讲座的第一道题目,是托福听力的必保题型,错什么题型主旨题都不能错。原因有三:1.托福听力主旨题答案出现的位置相对固定,标志性的提示词比较容易听到;2.做题方法固定,使用排除法能够帮我们排除至少两个选项;3.托福听力主旨题的错误选项设置的思路固定,能够很明显鉴别出一定错误的选项。

尽管听起来好像不是很难,但是很多考生却总是错。不少考生容易走进思维误区,纠结选项中个别单词的使用,尤其纠结于动词。托福考生们在甄别选项时,我们要做到分析整体意思,而非个别单词,遵守排除托福听力主旨题干扰选项的三大原则进行判断。我们先来用对话举个例子~

比如,TPO 2的对话有这样一道题:

  Why does the man to see his professor?

  A. To borrow some charts and graphs from her

  B. To ask her to explain some statistical procedures

  C. To talk about the report he is writing

  D. To discuss a grade he t on a paper

托福听力原文:

  Listen to a conversation between a student and a professor.

  Student:

  Uh, excuse me, Professor Thompson. I know your office hours are tomorrow, but I was wondering if you had a few minutes free now to discuss something.

  Professor:

  Sure, John. What did you want to talk about?

  Student:

  Well, I have some quick questions about how to write up the research project I did this semester—about climate variations.

大家觉得这道托福听力主旨题该选择哪个选项呢?

正确答案:C。因为在听的过程中,学生有明确的来找老师的诉求,就是问怎么写研究报告。

这是很典型的托福听力对话主旨题的套路。当然,对话的主旨题还有另外一种套路,就是声东击西。我们再来举个例子:

  Why does the man to see the professor?

  A. To discuss a grade he received on a paper

  B. To get advice about which course he should take next term

  C. To ask a question about a reading assignment

  D. To request permission to take an advanced course

托福听力原文:

  Listen to a conversation between a student and his English professor.

  Professor: Hi, Bob. How is it ing? Are you enjoying the Introduction to Literature class?

  Bob: Yeah, it's great. Araby, that short story by James Joyce we read last week, it was awesome.

  Professor: I'm glad you like it … I only wish we had more class time to discuss it.

  Bob: Me too. So why did you pick Araby instead of some other story?

  Professor:……

  Bob:……

  Professor:……

  Bob: Oh, wow. That could actually solve my dilemma, uh, what I originally wanted to ask you ? um, I am working on my schedule for next term, and I've t room for one more course, and I'd like to take more literature. Could I take your Master Writer Class on Joyce?

正确答案:B。托福考生们好好想一想,为什么是B,不是D呢?因为学生主要是征求老师选课的建议,主要就是问老师选哪门课合适。另外排除托福听力主旨题选项要遵循:未提及的不能选、太细节的不能选、表述错误的不能选这三大原则进行判断。

好了,关于托福听力主旨题我们就先讲到这里了,考生们一定要掌握这类题型的套路,主旨题再也不犯错!托福考生们fighting~

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