Describe someone you really like to spend time with.
Describe a person who contributes to the society.
Describe a person who you follow on social media.
Describe a person you only met once and want to know more about.
Describe a businessman you admire.
Describe a famous athlete you know.
Describe a person who solved a problem in a smart way.
Describe a house or an apartment you would like to live in.
Describe a place in a village that you visited.
Describe a city that you think is very interesting.
Describe a cafe you like to visit.
Describe a place you visited on vacation.
Describe an interesting song.
Describe a story someone told you and you remember.
Describe a gift you would like to buy for you friend.
Describe a skill that you learned from older people.
Describe an item of clothing that someone gave you.
Describe a course that impressed you a lot.
Describe a rule that you don’t like.
Describe a special cake you received from others.
Describe an ambition that you haven’t achieved.
Describe something that was broken in your home and then repaired.
Describe something you received for free.
Describe something you can’t live without (not a computer/phone).
Describe a toy you liked in your childhood.
Describe a habit your friend has and you want to develop.
Describe a difficult decision that you once made.
Describe an exciting book that you enjoy reading.
Describe something you spent more than expected on.
Describe a time you visited a new place.
Describe a thing you did to learn another language.
Describe an interesting conversation you had with your friend.
Describe a long walk you ever had.
Describe a time when you organized a happy even successful.
Describe a time when you waited for something special that would happen.
Describe a bicycle/motorcycle/car trip you would like to go.
Describe a good service you received.
Describe a time you were friendly to someone you didn’t like.
Describe a time when you got up early.
Describe an activity you usually do that waste your time.
Describe a time you moved to a new house or school.
Describe a time when you gave advice to others.
Describe a time when you felt proud of a family member.
大作文：Some people believe that international trade and communication with other countries is a positive trend, while others think it is harmful to nations and they might lose their identities. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
The whole decade witnessed a sharp increase in...
There was a sharp increase in...
The percentage of ...was the highest, increasing from...to...
Task 2 ：经济全球化类话题
从话题上来说，属于全球化类话题，这是相对来说比较简单的话题，难度并不算大，并且也是同学们比较熟悉的方面。在思考观点的过程中，要注意审题中的trade and communication两个角度，可以从商业和文化两个角度来聊。
*段：题目改写+中立（both positive and negative effects)
第二段：的确是一个积极的趋势。1. 国家间的商业交流使得国与国之间往来更加密切，促进共同进步（strengthen relationship between countries， promote mutual improvement；2. 文化交流使得人们的生活丰富多彩，了解多国文化
主体段 1: admittedly， It is a positive trend to make business and cultural contact with other countries.First，the business contact between countries can strengthen the relationship between them and promote mutual development. 可举例或解释说明商业交流使得一些国家make profits while others have wider choices. Secondly, enrich our life and realize more about other countries, 比如美剧英剧
主体段 2：however, it also causes the loss of national identity. Firstly, for those which can not compete with powerful companies, they are more likely to be defeated and face the bankruptcy even in their own market. What is worse，the infiltration of culture leads to the ignorance of local culture such as the preference towards hiphop instead of traditional Chinese folk music.
P1 Bovids 牛科动物
11.long splayed hooves
A.The family of mammals called bovids belongs to the Artiodacty class, which also includes giraffes. Bovids are highly diverse group consisting of 137 species, some of which are man's most important domestic animals.
B. Bovids are well represented in most parts of Eurasia and Southeast Asian islands, but they are by far the most numerous and diverse in the latter.Some species of bovid are solitary, but others live in large groups with complex social structures. Although bovids have adapted to a wide range of habitats, from arctic tundra to deep tropical forest, the majority of species favour open grassland, scrub or desert. This diversity of habitat is also matched by great diversity in size and form: at one extreme is the royal antelope of West Africa, which stands a mere 25 cm at the shoulder, at the other, the massively built bisons of North America and Europe, growing to a shoulder height to 2.2m.
C. Despite differences in size and appearance, bovids are united by the possession of certain common features. All species are ruminants, which means that they retain undigested food in their stomachs, and regurgitate it as necessary. Bovids are almost exclusively herbivorous
D.Typically their teeth are highly modified for browsing and grazing: grass or foliage is cropped. with the upper lip and lower incisora** (the upper incisors are usually absent), and then ground down by the cheek teeth. As well as having cloven, or split, hooves, the males of ail bovid species and the females of most carry horns. Bovi horns have bony cores covered in a sheath of horny material that is constantly renewed from within; they are unbranched and never shed. They vary in shape and size; the relatively simple horns of a large Indian buffalo may measure around 4 m from tip to tip along the outer curve, while the various gazelles have horns with a variety of elegant curves.
E. Five groups, or sub-families, may be distinguished: Bovinae, Antelope, Caprinae, Cephalophinae and Antiloeapridae. The sub-family Bovinae comprises most of the larger bovids, including the African bongo, and nigae, eland, bison and cattle. Unlike most other bovids ,they are all non-territorial. The ancestors of the various species of domestic cattle banteng, gaur, yak and water buffalo are generally rare and endangered in the wild, while the aoroch (the ancestor of the domestic cattle of Europe) is extinct.
F. The term 'antelopel is not a very precise zoological name - it is used to loosely describe a number of bovids that have allowed different lines of development. Antelopes are typically long - legged, fast - running species, often with long home that may be laid along the back when the animal is in full flight. There are two main subgroups of antelope: Hippotraginae, which includes the oryx and the addax, and Antilopinae, which generally contains slighter and more graceful animals such as gazello and the springbok. Antelopes are mainly grassland species, but many have adapted to flooded grasslands; pukus, waterbucks and lechwes are all good at swimming, usually feeding in deep water, while the sitatunga has long, splayed hooves that enable it to walk freely on swampy ground.
G. The sub-family Caprinae includes the sheep and the goat, together with various relatives such as the goral and the tahr. Most are woolly or have long hair. Several species, such as wild goats,chamois and ibes, are agile cliff-and mountain-dewellers. Tolerance of extreme conditions is most marked in this group: Barbary and bighorn sheep have adapted to arid deserts, while Rocky Mountain sheep survive high up in mountains and musk oxen in arctic tundra.
H. The duiker of Africa belongs to the Cephalophinas sub-family. It is generally small and solitary, often living in thick forest. Although manly feeding on grass and leaves, some dnikers - unlike most other bovids - are believed to eat insects and feed on dead animal carcasses, and even to kill small animals.
I. Te pronghorn is the sole survivor of a New World sub-amily of herbivorous ruminants, the Antilocapridae in North America. Ilt is similar in appearance and habits to the Old World antelope. Although greatly reduced in numbers since the arrival of Europeans, and the subsequent enclosure of grasslands, the pronghorn is still found in considerable numbers throughout North America, from Washington State to Mexico. When alarmed by the approach of wolves or other predators, hairs on the pronghorn's rump stand erect, so showing and emphasizing the white patch there. At this signal, the whole herd gallops off at speed of over 60 km per hour.
Choose the correct letter, A. B. C or D.
Write the correct letter in boxes 1-3 on your answer sheet.
1. In which region is the biggest range of bovids to be found?
C. North America
D. South-east Asia
2 .Most bovids have a preference for living in
B. small groups
C. tropical forest
D. wide open spaces
3 Which of the following features do all bovids have in common?
A. Their horns are shot
B .They have upper incisors
C. They store food in the body
D. Their hooves are undivided
Look at the following characteristics (Question 4-8) and the list of sub-families below.
Match each characteristic with the correct sub-family, A, B, C or D
Write the correct letter, A, B, C or D, in boxes 4-8 on your answer sheet.
NB You may use any letter more than once
4 can endure very harsh environments
5 includes the ox and the cow
6 may supplement its diet with meat
7 can usually move at speed
8 does not defend a particular area of land
List of sub-amillies
Answer the questions below.
Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the passage for each answer. Write your answers in boxes 9-13 on your answer sheet
10 Which species of Bvoinae has now died out?
11 What facilitates the movement of the sitatunga over wetland?
12 What sort of terrain do barbary sheep live in?
13 What is the only living member of the Antilocapridae sub family?
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